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  Pioneer Gallery

Which temples are linked to these pioneers? 哪些庙宇跟这些先贤有关?

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Aw Boon Haw 胡文虎: He was known for Tiger Balm and Har Par Villa. He founded Chinese newspaper Sin Chew Jit Poh in 1929 and Chung Khiaw Bank in 1950.
Ancestral origin: Yongding, Fujian, China
Born: 1882, Yangon, Myanmar
Died: 1954, Honolulu, Hawaii, US
Aw Boon Haw and Aw Boon Par funded the construction of Kong Meng San Phor Kark See Monastery 光明山普觉禅, which was completed in 1921.
Cheang Hong Lim 章明云/章芳林/章桂苑: He was a opium and liquor plantation owner, a Justice of Peace and served on the advisory board of Po Leung Kuk. Hong Lim Park and Cheang Hong Lim Place were named after him.
Ancestral origin: Haicheng, Zhangzhou, Fujian, China
Born: 1825 in Singapore
Died: 1892, buried in Bukit Brown Cemetery

Geok Hong Tian 玉皇殿 was founded in 1887 by Cheang Hong Lim. He also built Double Lion Tua Pek Kong Temple in the 1860s and Qing Xuan Zheng Jun (aka Chang Tai) temple in 1887, and funded the renovation of Fuk Tak Chi in 1869 and Kim Lan Beo in the late 19th century.
Chee Swee Cheng 徐垂清: He owned rubber, coconut and tapioca plantations. He was chairman of Ho Hong Bank and first chairman of OCBC
Ancestral origin: Zhangzhou, Fujian, China
Born: 1868 in Malacca, Malaysia
Died: 1938, buried in Malacca
Chee Swee Cheng was the first chairman of Kwan Im Thong Hood Cho Temple trust fund. His family is also affiliated to Sian Teck Tng Vegetarian Convent and Tong Sian Tng.
Gan Eng Seng 颜永成,颜锡坤,颜建章: He founded Anglo Chinese Free School (renamed Gan Eng Seng School later), co-founded Ee Hoe Hean and funded Tong Medical Institution and Tan Tock Seng Hospital.
Ancestral origin: Haicheng, Zhangzhou, Fujian, China
Born: 1844 in Malacca, Malaysia
Died: 1899

Gan Eng Seng was one of the founding members of Kim Lan Beo.
Goh Siew Tin 吴寿珍: First president of General Chinese Trade Affairs Association 中华商务总会, predecessor of Singapore Chinese Chamber of Commerce. He founded Yang Zheng School 养正学堂 in 1905 and Tao Nan School 道南学堂 in 1906.
Ancestral origin: Zhao'an, Zhangzhou, Fujian, China
Born: 1854 in Singapore
Died: 1909 in Singapore

Goh Siew Tin was a director when Thian Hock Keng was undergoing the 1906's major renovation, whereby western architectural features such as Peranakan tiles and cast iron railings were introduced.
Guo Yun Shan 郭云山: As an award-winning clay sculpture artisan, he was engaged by Aw Boon Haw as the master craftsman for Haw Par Villa theme parks in Hong Kong and Singapore. His descendants carry on his trade till today.
Ancestral origin: Chaoyang, Shantou, Guangdong, China
Born: 1906, China
Died: 1986, China
Hoo Ah Kay(Whampoa) 胡亚基(胡南生): He was a member of the Legislative Council and extraordinary member of Executive Council. He was known for his Whampoa Ice House and Nam Seng Garden. Whampoa Road, Whampoa Drive and Whampoa North/South/East/West were named after him.
Ancestral origin: Whampoa, Guangdong, China
Born: Whampoa, Guangdong, China
Died: 1880, buried in Changzhou Island in Guangdong
Hoo Ah Kay donated generously towards the rebuild of Fuk Tak Chi 海唇福德祠 in 1854 and its renovation in 1870. He was also the founder of the Cantonese clan association Poon Yue.
Khoo Seok Wan 邱菽园,字湲娱,别名绣原,炜萲,德馨,啸虹生: He inherited his father's business, but was better known as a literacy scholar and prolific poet. He founded 2 newspapers - Thien Nan Shin Pao 天南新报 in 1898, Chin Nam Poh 振南日报 in 1913. He co-founded Singapore Chinese Girls’ School, and held directorship at Chui Eng Free School and Nanyang Girls' High School. The road Siok Wan Close was named after him.
Ancestral origin: Haicheng, Zhangzhou, Fujian
Born: 1874 in Haicheng, Zhangzhou, Fujian
Died: 1941, buried in Bukit Brown Cemetery
Seng Wong Beo was founded by Master Rui Yu in 1904, with financial support from Khoo Seok Wan.
On the request of Low Kim Pong, Khoo wrote a couplet (dui lian) for Lian Shan Shuang Lin Monastery, and funded the temple's construction. He was also responsible for the content of the 1902's stele in Hoon San Temple and played a role in the founding of Singapore Buddhist Lodge 居士林.
Lee Cheng Yan 李清渊: He co-founded Straits Steamship Company and Ee Hoe Hean, and was a Justice of Peace.
Ancestral origin: Yongchun, Quanzhou, Fujian, China
Born: 1841 in Singapore
Died: 1911

Lee Cheng Yan was a director when Thian Hock Keng was undergoing the 1906's major renovation, whereby western architectural features such as Peranakan tiles and cast iron railings were introduced.
Lee Choon Seng 李俊承: He was most remembered for his contribution to Buddhism in Singapore. He was the managing director of Ho Hong Bank when it was merged with other banks to form OCBC in 1932, became its managing director in 1943 and chairman in 1965. He was president of Chinese Chamber of Commerce, Ee Hoe Hean and Singapore Buddhist Federation.
Ancestral origin: Yong Chun, Quanzhou, Fujian, China
Born: 1888 in Yong Chun, Quanzhou, Fujian, China
Died: 1966 in Singapore

Lee Choon Seng founded Poh Ern Shih in 1954 to liberate the spirits of people killed in the war. Before that he co-founded Singapore Buddhist Lodge in 1934.
(Tan Sri Dato) Lee Kong Chian, aka Geok Kun 李光前: He was the founder of Nam Aik Rubber, chairman of OCBC bank, president of Chinese Chamber of Commerce, Chancellor of University of Singapore and founder of Lee Foundation. Lee Kong Chian Refernce Library in National Library was named after him.
Ancestral origin: Nan'an, Quanzhou, Fujian, China
Born: 1893 in Furong, Nan'an, Quanzhou, Fujian, China
Died: 1967 in Singapore

Lee Kong Chian funded the construction of Singapore Buddhist Lodge's main building in 1970, and for this reason the main hall of the temple was named after him.
Lim Loh 林路,别名云龙,志义: He was an architect, a building contractor and a businessman. His son was famous war hero Lim Bo Seng.
Ancestral origin: Nan'an, Quanzhou, Fujian, China
Born: 1851 in Nan'an, Quanzhou, Fujian, China
Died: 1929, buried in Bukit Brown Cemetery

Kai Hock Tong 开福堂 was founded by Lim Loh in 1919.
He was also involved in the rebuild of Chwee Long Tow Hong San See 水廊头凤山寺 at Mohamed Sultan Road and the founding of Lim See Tai Chong Soo 林氏大宗祠九龙堂.
Lim Boon Keng 林文庆: He was a doctor, an Officer of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (OBE) and the first president of the Amoy University in China. Boon Keng Road was named after him.
Ancestral origin: Haicheng, Zhangzhou, Fujian, China
Born: 1869 in Penang, Malaysia
Died: 1857, Singapore

Lim Boon Keng was a trustee of Kim Lan Beo.
Lim Nee Soon 林义顺,字蔚和,别名发初,峇顺,其华: He was known as rubber and pineapple kings. He co-founded Poit Ip Huay Kuan and supported Sun Yat Sen's revolution. Yishun estate was named after him.
Ancestral origin: Maxi Village, Qishan township, Chenghai, Guangdong, China
Born: 1879 in Singapore
Died: 1936, buried near Sun Yat Sen Mausoleum in Nanjing, China

Wah Sua Keng 华山宫 was built in 1934 with financial assistance from Lim Nee Soon.
Low Kim Pong 刘金榜: He was a Chinese medicine businessman, banker, devout Buddhist, founding member of the Singapore Chinese Chamber of Commerce. Kim Pong Road in Tiong Bahru was named after him.
Ancestral origin: Nanjing county, Zhangzhou, Fujian, China Born: 1829 in Singapore
Died: 1909, buried in Hai Lam Sua, exhumed in 1982, cremated remains in Shuang Lin Shi
Shuang Lin Cheng Huang Miao 双林城隍庙 was founded in 1903 with significant funding by Low Kim Pong.
He also donated money for Siang Cho Keong and Leng San Teng 麟山亭北极宫, and was a director of Thian Hock Keng 天福宫 during the 1906 renovation.
Master Rui Yu 瑞于上人: He was a Qing Dynasty tributary scholar (Gongsheng) who became a monk due to the abolition of imperial examination. He was known to be a talented poet.
Ancestral origin: Quanzhou, Fujian, China
Born: 1867 in China
Died: 1953

Master Rui Yu was a Qing dynasty scholar before becoming a Buddhist monk. He served as abbot of Hong San See when he first arrived in Singapore. He founded Seng Wong Beo 都城隍庙 with financial assistance from Khoo Seok Wan. The 2 of them enjoyed composing poems under a banyan tree in the temple.
He was also a leading founder of of Singapore Buddhist Lodge 居士林.
Oei Tiong Ham 黄仲涵: Known as "Sugar King of Java", his company supplied half of sugar consumption in Indonesia at its peak. He donated large sums of money for Chinese High School and Tao Nan School. Oei Tiong Ham Park was named after him.
Ancestral origin: Tong'an, Amoy, Fujian, China
Born: 1866 in Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia
Died: 1924, Singapore

Oei Tiong Ham was a trustee of Kim Lan Beo.
Ong Chong Chew 王沧周: He was known for developing the cemetery known initially as Seh Ong Sua, later renamed as Tai Yuan Shan, and now part of the greater Bukit Brown cemetery
Ancestral origin: Bai Jiao, Tong'An, Xiamen, Fujian, China
Born: Bai Jiao, Tong'An, Xiamen, Fujian, China
Died: 1888, buried at Seh Ong Sua (Bukit Brown)
Ong Chong Chew, together with Ong Kew Ho and Ong Ewe Hai, bought the land near Adam Road in 1872 for development into a village and farm, and for the burial of Hokkien Ong clan members. They named it Seh Ong Sua, which means "Cemetery for the Ong clan".
Ong Chong Chew donated for the construction of Siang Cho Keong 仙祖宫/紫云庙 in 1868, renovation of Heng San Teng in 1879 and renovation of Chong Wen Ge 崇文阁 in 1887.
Ong Kheng Thor 王经叨: A successful businessman and philanthropist, he became the first chairman of Hokkien Ong Ancestral Temple General Association 闽王祠总会 in 1945, and was director of Tung Ann District Guild 同安会馆 and honorary president of Tai Guan Ong See Association 太原王氏公会.
Ancestral origin: Tong'An, Xiamen, Fujian, China
Born: 1891 in Tong'An, Xiamen, Fujian, China
Died: 1964, niche at Seh Ong Charity Columbarium

Ong Kheng Thor was a donor and a director of Singapore Buddhist Lodge.
Ong Sam Leong 王三龙: A successful businessman who got rich by supplying labour for the phosphate mines on Christmas Island.
Ancestral origin: Jingmen (Kinmen), Fujian, China
Born: 1857, Singapore
Died: 1918, buried at Bukit Brown cemetery
Ong Sam Leong's tomb at Bukit Brown is the largest in that cemetery.
In 1909, Ong Sam Leong made a donation for the renovation of Fu Shan Gong, the old name of Kusu Island Tua Peh/Pek Kong Temple before it was rebuilt in 1927.
Ong Chwee Tow 王水斗: Pineapple merchant
Ancestral origin: Dongshan, Zhangzhou, Fujian, China
Born: Dongshan, Fujian, China
Died: 1924, buried in Bukit Brown Cemetery
Hougang Tou Mu Kung 后港斗母宫 was built in 1921, mainly funded by Ong Chwee Tow. His other contributions include the building of Tua Pek Kong Temple 龟屿大伯公 and the Malay Keramats on Kusu Island, as well as the renovations of Goh Chor Tua Pek Kong Temple 梧槽大伯公庙 and Soon Thian Keing 顺天宫. He was the director of Goh Chor Tua Pek Kong Temple 梧槽大伯公庙 during the 1919 renovation.
Seah Eu Chin 佘有进: He was a first to plant gambier on a large scale, which earned him the title "Gambier King". He led the Teochew in the founding of Ngee Ann Kongsi in 1845.
Ancestral origin: Chenghai, Guangdong, China
Born: 1805 in Chenghai
Died: 1883, buried in his family cemetery at Thomson Road, Singapore
Wak Hai Cheng Bio 粤海清庙 was founded by Lin Pan in 1820. In 1845 Seah Eu Chin led the Teochew community in the founding of Ngee Ann Kongsi, in order to take over the management of Wak Hai Cheng Bio.
See Tiong Wah (See Teong Wah) 薛中华: He was a Municipal Commissioner, president of Singapore Chinese Chamber of Commerce and chairman of Hokkien Huay Kuan.
Ancestral origin: Dongshan, Zhangzhou, Fujian, China
Born: 1886 in Singapore
Died: 1940, buried in Bukit Brown Cemetery, Singapore
He was chairman of Hokkien Huay Kuan and Thian Hock Keng 天福宫 between 1915 and 1929. In 1916 he officially registered the temple and the clan association with the colonial government as a single entity - Thian Hock Keng Hokkien Huay Kuan, putting the temple before the clan association.
He was also a trustee of Kim Lan Beo and a director of Leng San Teng 麟山亭北极宫.
Si Hoo Keh 薛佛记,字文舟: philanthropist and first Hokkien leader
Ancestral origin: Zhangzhou, Fujian, China
Born: 1793 in Malacca, Malaysia
Died: 1847, buried in Malacca

Thian Hock Keng 天福宫 was built in 1840, led by Tan Tock Seng and Si Hoo Keh. Si Hoo Keh also led the Hokkien in the founding of Heng San Teng temple in 1828, which was destroyed in a fire in 1992.
Tan Beng Swee 陈明水,字宪章 : Son of Tan Kim Seng, he expanded Chong Wen Ge and Chui Eng Free School founded by his father. He was a Justice of Peace and was known for the clock tower in Malacca.
Ancestral origin: Yongchun, Quanzhou, Fujian, China
Born: 1828 in Singapore
Died: 1884, buried in Malacca

Tan Beng Swee was a co-founder of Po Chiak Keng 保赤宫 and was a trustee of the former Heng San Teng.
Tan Boo Liat 陈武烈: He was a member of Straits Chinese Voluntary Infantry, president of KMT Singapore branch, strong supporter of Sun Yat Sen and best known for building Bell Mansion at Mount Faber, where Sun had a short stay.
Ancestral origin: Haicheng, Zhangzhou, Fujian, China
Born: 1874 in Singapore
Died: 1934, buried in Bukit Brown Cemetery, Singapore
He was the director of Thian Hock Keng 天福宫 from 1893 to 1902, when he helped opium smokers to overcome their addiction, reduced the frequency of religious parade. He was also the director of Leng San Teng 麟山亭北极宫 during the temple renovation in 1915 and donated money for the renovation of Po Chiak Keng 保赤宫 in 1926.
Tan Boon Liat 陈文烈: He funded the free night at YMCA and was a successful businessman & Philanthropist
Ancestral origin: Tong'An, Xiamen, Fujian, China
Born: 1878, Singapore
Died: 1940, buried in Alexander Road cemetery in Singapore
Tan Boon Liat was the main donor for the rebuild of Leong San See 龙山寺 in 1925. He also donated for the renovation of Po Chiak Keng 保赤宫 in 1926 and Kusu Island Tua Pek Kong Temple in 1927.
Tan Ean Kiam 陈延谦,字逊南,益吾,人: A rubber magnate and banker, he was the first managing director of OCBC bank and the first president of Tong Ann District Guild. He was a member of Sun Yat Sen's Tung Meng Hui, and in 1937 bought over Sun Yat Sen Nanyang Memorial Hall with 5 others. He was a director of Nanyang Confucian Association.
Ancestral origin: Tong'an, Amoy, Fujian, China
Born: 1881 in Tong'an, Amoy, Fujian, China
Died: 1943, buried in Bukit Brown Cemetery, Singapore

Tan Ean Kiam was leading Po Chiak Keng 保赤宫 during the 1926 renovation.
Tan Geok Hup 陈玉合: wife of Yeo Hong Tye, daughter of Tan Kim Seng
Ancestral origin: Yongchun, Quanzhou, Fujian, China
Born: 1829 in Singapore
Died: 1882, buried in Heap Guan San Cemetery, Singapore

Tan Geok Hup donated a piece of land on Ban Siew San for the building of Ban Siew San Kuan Im Tong 万寿山观音堂, which was completed in 1880. She also donated land for the burial of all Yeos of Hokkien descent.
Tan Kah Kee 陈嘉庚: He founded Nanyang Siang Pau, supported Xinhai Revolution and Sino-Japanese War, and was chairman of Hokkien Huay Kuan and Ee Ho Hean. He co-founded Tao Nan, Ai Tong, Nan Chiau Girls and Chong Hock Girls, Nanayang Chinese High in Singapore, and Amoy University in China.
Ancestral origin: Tong'an, Amoy, Fujian, China
Born: 1874 in Tong'an, Amoy, Fujian, China
Died: 1961, Bejing, China
As chairman of Hokkien Huay Kuan he was responsible for Thian Hock Keng 天福宫. He also funded the renovation of Leng San Teng 麟山亭北极宫 in 1915 and Po Chiak Keng 保赤宫 in 1926.
Tan Keong Saik 陈恭锡: His contributions to the society include serving in Po Leung Kuk, Chinese Advisory Board and Singapore Municipal Commission, which earned him the title of Justice of Peace. A road in Chinatown was named after him.
Ancestral origin: Haicheng, Zhangzhou, Fujian, China
Born: 1850 in Malacca, Malaysia
Died: 1909 in Singapore, buried at Moulmein Road

Tan Keong Saik was philanthropist whose donations include the construction of Chui Eng School, The Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States Government Medical School, Chinese Volunteer Club and Po Chiak Keng 保赤宫.
Tan Kim Ching 陈金钟,字呔音: Son of Tan Tock Seng and a Kapitan China, he was the first chairman of Hokkien Huay Kuan and the largest rice merchant in Singapore. He co-founded Tanjong Pagar Dock Company, which later became Port of Singapore Authority. He helped to strength ties between Singapore and Thailand, and introduced Anna to King Mongkut as his children's English teacher.
Ancestral origin: Haicheng, Zhangzhou, Fujian
Born: 1829 in Singapore
Died: 1892, buried at Changi Road, reinterred in Bukit Brown

Po Chiak Keng 保赤宫 was founded in 1876 by Tan Kim Ching and Tan Beng Swee.
Tan Kim Seng 陈金声,号巨川: Tan Kim Seng Fountain at Esplanade Park was erected to honour his contribution in the first public waterworks. He co-founded Chung Wen Pagoda and Chui Eng School, the 2 oldest Chinese public schools in Singapore, and was made Justice of Peace in 1850. Kim Seng Road was named after him.
Ancestral origin: Yongchun, Quanzhou, Fujian, China
Born: 1805 in Malacca, Malaysia
Died: 1864 in Singapore
He was a donor and founding member of Thian Hock Keng 天福宫.
Tan Kim Tian 陈金殿: He made his fortune in steamship business and was known for building the Botan House at Neil Road in 1883. The famous Jasin Hot Spring in Malacca was built by him in 1884. Kim Tian Road in Tiong Bahru was named after him, as well as the former Tan Kim Tian Pier at Havelock Road.
Ancestral origin: Fujian, China
Born: 1832 in Malacca, Malaysia
Died: 1882 in Singapore

Tan Kim Tian was one of the 2 deputy directors of Po Chiak Keng 保赤宫 at the time of founding in 1876. He was also a founding memeber of Siang Cho Keong 紫云庙/仙祖宫.
Tan Lark Sye 陈六使: He was chairman of Hokkien Huay Kuan from 1949 to 1972, and president of Chinese Chamber of Commerce in 1950. He had many contributions in education, including donation for University of Malaya, but is best remembered for founding Nanyang University.
Ancestral origin: Tong'an, Amoy, Fujian, China
Born: 1897 in Tong'an, Amoy, China
Died: 1972, Singapore
As chairman of Hokkien Huay Kuan he was responsible for Thian Hock Keng 天福宫. He donated money for the renovation of Po Chiak Keng 保赤宫 in 1926.
Tan Quee Lan 陈桂兰: He owned significant parcels of land on Club Street, and for this reason Club Street used to be known as Quee Lan Hill. Tan Quee Lan Street in Bugis was named after him.
Ancestral origin: Hong Shan, Quanzhou, Fujian, China
Born: unknown
Died: 1904, reburied in Bukit Brown, Singapore

Tan Quee Lan was a founding member of Po Chiak Keng 保赤宫 and Siang Cho Keong 紫云庙/仙祖宫.
Tan Tye 陈泰,名晋国,号踊山,又名清泰: He was a successful businessman in timber and pineapple. 2 roads were named after him - Tan Tye Place and Tan Tye Alley. His contributions in education include donations to Chung Wen Ge and Chui Eng School.
Ancestral origin: Quemoy or Kinmen, Fujian, Republic of China
Born: 1839 in China
Died: 1898 in Singapore

In 1876 Tan Tye co-founded Wu Jiang Fu Ji Miao (temple), which was the predecessor of Singapore Kim Mui Hoey Kuan. He was a founding deputy director of Po Chiak Keng 保赤宫, and donated money for the renovation of Heng San Teng temple.
Tan Tock Seng 陈笃生,别名本卓: He came to Singapore in 1819 and found his fortune in land speculation. He was the first Asian to be appointed as Justice of Peace and started the paupers' hospital on Pearl's Hill, which was later named after him.
Ancestral origin: Haicheng, Zhangzhou, Fujian, China
Born: 1798 in Malacca, Malaysia
Died: 1850, tomb is at Outram Hill, Singapore
Thian Hock Keng 天福宫 was built in 1840, led by Tan Tock Seng and Si Hoo Keh.
Venerable Zhuan Dao 转道法师: He was involved in the founding of the Singapore Chinese Buddhist Association in 1927.
Ancestral origin: Nan'an, Quanzhou, Fujian, China
Born: 1872, China
Died: 1943, Singapore
Venerable Zhuang Dao founded Poo Thor Jee 普陀寺 in 1915 and Kong Meng San Phor Kark See Monastery 光明山普觉禅 in 1921. He was also the abbot of Thian Hock Keng 天福宫 during the construction of Poo Thor Jee and was a leading founder of Singapore Buddhist Lodge 居士林.
Venerable Hong Choon 宏船法师: He was the vice president of World Buddhist Sangha Council and the first president of Singapore Buddhist Federation.
Ancestral origin: Jin Jiang, Quanzhou, Fujian, China
Born: 1907, China
Died: 1990, Singapore
Venerable Hong Choon became abbot of Kong Meng San Phor Kark See Monastery 光明山普觉禅 in 1943 and developed the temple into the largest Buddhist temple in Singapore over the next 46 years. He was also the honorary president of several Buddhist temples in Singapore.
Venerable Kong Hiap 广洽法师: He has many contributions in Buddhism and education, including the founding of Mee Toh School 弥陀学校 and Zhan Pu Yuan 詹葡院.
Ancestral origin: Nan'an, Quanzhou, Fujian, China
Born: 1901, China
Died: 1994, Singapore
Venerable Kong Hiap became the abbot of Leong San See 龙山寺 in 1952 and was a teacher in Singapore Buddhist Lodge.
Wong Nai Siong 黄乃裳: He was a member of the Small Sword Society, a revolutionary group affiliated with the Taiping administration and a successful businessman.
Ancestral origin: Fuzhou, Fujian, China
Born: 1849 in Fuzhou, Fujian, China
Died: 1924 in Fuzhou, Fujian, China

Wong Nai Siong was the first trustee of the original Kim Lan Beo.